, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 127-138

Ensemble Gaussian mixture models for probability density estimation

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Abstract

Estimation of probability density functions (PDF) is a fundamental concept in statistics. This paper proposes an ensemble learning approach for density estimation using Gaussian mixture models (GMM). Ensemble learning is closely related to model averaging: While the standard model selection method determines the most suitable single GMM, the ensemble approach uses a subset of GMM which are combined in order to improve precision and stability of the estimated probability density function. The ensemble GMM is theoretically investigated and also numerical experiments were conducted to demonstrate benefits from the model. The results of these evaluations show promising results for classifications and the approximation of non-Gaussian PDF.