Date: 26 Feb 2011

Development of integrated acceleration/deceleration look-ahead interpolation technique for multi-blocks NURBS curves

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Abstract

Modern motion control adopts acceleration/deceleration before interpolation (ADBI) motion planning to eliminate path command errors. However, the individual velocity profiles might not be continuous at the junction of the blocks. Acceleration/deceleration after interpolation (ADAI) method may provide an alternative for solving the discontinuous problems, but it causes path command errors. In this paper, an integrated acceleration/deceleration interpolation (IAD) scheme which integrates the ADBI and ADAI modules is proposed. The ADBI provides a look-ahead function which plans the feedrate profiles based on chord errors, command errors, curvatures, and acceleration limits. Within the look-ahead function, the command error equation is utilized to determine the feedrate at the junction of adjacent blocks. Then the ADBI performs non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) interpolation using the planned feedrate profile and outputs the position points to the ADAI module. The ADAI module processes the points by a digital convolution technique such that the continuity of the block junction velocity is ensured. Finally, the IAD is applied to the multi-block NURBS interpolation to validate its effectiveness. Simulations and experiments are conducted to demonstrate the IAD scheme. It is shown that the IAD scheme can reduce the acceleration significantly at the junctions of the blocks under the given tolerance of the command error. Furthermore, the proposed algorithm can improve tracking and contour accuracies as compared to the hybrid multi-blocks look-ahead approach.