The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology

, Volume 53, Issue 5, pp 453-461

First online:

Prediction of vibration amplitude from machining parameters by response surface methodology in end milling

  • P. S. SivasakthivelAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology Email author 
  • , V. VelmuruganAffiliated withPrincipal, Sree Sakthi Engineering College
  • , R. SudhakaranAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology

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Decreasing vibration amplitude during end milling process reduces tool wear and improves surface finish. Mathematical model has been developed to predict the acceleration amplitude of vibration in terms of machining parameters such as helix angle of cutting tool, spindle speed, feed rate, and axial and radial depth of cut. Central composite rotatable second-order response surface methodology was employed to create a mathematical model, and the adequacy of the model was verified using analysis of variance. The experiments were conducted on aluminum Al 6063 by high-speed steel end mill cutter, and acceleration amplitude was measured using FFT analyzer. The direct and interaction effect of the machining parameter with vibration amplitude were analyzed, which helped to select process parameter in order to reduce vibration, which ensures quality of milling.


Response surface FFT analyzer Analysis of variance Vibration monitoring