Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 768–773

Fibronectin–aggrecan complex as a marker for cartilage degradation in non-arthritic hips

  • Geoffrey D. Abrams
  • Marc R. Safran
  • Lauren M. Shapiro
  • William J. Maloney
  • Stuart B. Goodman
  • James I. Huddleston
  • Michael J. Bellino
  • Gaetano J. Scuderi
Hip

DOI: 10.1007/s00167-014-2863-2

Cite this article as:
Abrams, G.D., Safran, M.R., Shapiro, L.M. et al. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc (2014) 22: 768. doi:10.1007/s00167-014-2863-2

Abstract

Purpose

To report hip synovial fluid cytokine concentrations in hips with and without radiographic arthritis.

Methods

Patients with no arthritis (Tonnis grade 0) and patients with Tonnis grade 2 or greater hip osteoarthritis (OA) were identified from patients undergoing either hip arthroscopy or arthroplasty. Synovial fluid was collected at the time of portal establishment for those undergoing hip arthroscopy and prior to arthrotomy for the arthroplasty group. Analytes included fibronectin–aggrecan complex (FAC) as well as a standard 12 cytokine array. Variables recorded were Tonnis grade, centre-edge angle of Wiberg, as well as labrum and cartilage pathology for the hip arthroscopy cohort. A priori power analysis was conducted, and a Mann–Whitney U test and regression analyses were used with an alpha value of 0.05 set as significant.

Results

Thirty-four patients were included (17 arthroplasty, 17 arthroscopy). FAC was the only analyte to show a significant difference between those with and without OA (p < 0.001). FAC had significantly higher concentration in those without radiographic evidence of OA undergoing microfracture versus those not receiving microfracture (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

There was a significantly higher FAC concentration in patients without radiographic OA. Additionally, those undergoing microfracture had increased levels of FAC. As FAC is a cartilage breakdown product, no significant amounts may be present in those with OA. In contrast, those undergoing microfracture have focal area(s) of cartilage breakdown. These data suggest that FAC may be useful in predicting cartilage pathology in those patients with hip pain but without radiographic evidence of arthritis.

Level of evidence

Diagnostic, Level III.

Keywords

Hip arthroscopyInflammationCytokineBiomarkersCartilageMicrofracture

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey D. Abrams
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marc R. Safran
    • 1
  • Lauren M. Shapiro
    • 1
  • William J. Maloney
    • 1
  • Stuart B. Goodman
    • 1
  • James I. Huddleston
    • 1
  • Michael J. Bellino
    • 1
  • Gaetano J. Scuderi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryStanford UniversityRedwood CityUSA
  2. 2.Veteran’s AdministrationPalo AltoUSA
  3. 3.Cytonics CorporationJupiterUSA