Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 20, Issue 11, pp 2220–2224

Relationship of native tibial plateau anatomy with stability testing in the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee


    • Lenox Hill Hospital
  • Eduardo M. Suero
    • Hospital for Special Surgery
  • Mustafa Citak
    • Hospital for Special Surgery
  • Thomas Wickiewicz
    • Hospital for Special Surgery
  • Andrew D. Pearle
    • Hospital for Special Surgery

DOI: 10.1007/s00167-011-1854-9

Cite this article as:
Galano, G.J., Suero, E.M., Citak, M. et al. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc (2012) 20: 2220. doi:10.1007/s00167-011-1854-9



Recent attention has been drawn to tibial plateau slope and depth with relation to both risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear and kinematics in the cruciate-deficient knee. The purpose was to evaluate the relationship between native proximal tibial anatomy and knee kinematics in the anterior cruciate-deficient knee.


Twenty-two cadaveric knees underwent CT scanning to measure proximal tibia anatomy. Translation was measured during Lachman and mechanized pivot-shift tests on the intact knee and then after resection of the ACL. Pearson’s correlation was calculated to assess the relationship between tibial translation of the ACL-deficient knee and tibial plateau anatomic parameters.


No significant correlation was found between ACL-deficient kinematic testing and tibial slope or depth (n.s.). Lateral compartment translation on Lachman and pivot-shift testing correlated with lateral compartment AP length (P = 0.007 and P = 0.033, respectively). The ratio of lateral AP length to medial AP length correlated with lateral compartment translation during the pivot shift (P = 0.002).


There was a poor correlation between native tibial slope and kinematic testing. There were, however, increases in translation during pivot-shift and Lachman testing with increased AP length of the lateral compartment. In addition, the finding of increased pivot-shift magnitude when the lateral compartment was relatively wide in the AP plane compared to the medial compartment suggests that patients with a “dominant” lateral compartment may be prone to a greater magnitude of instability after ACL injury.


Anterior cruciate ligamentNavigationTibial slope

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© Springer-Verlag 2011