Hop tests correlate with IKDC and KOOS at minimum of 2 years after primary ACL reconstruction

  • Emily K. Reinke
  • Kurt P. Spindler
  • Dawn Lorring
  • Morgan H. Jones
  • Leah Schmitz
  • David C. Flanigan
  • Angel Qi An
  • Amanda R. Quiram
  • Emily Preston
  • Michael Martin
  • Bettina Schroeder
  • Richard D. Parker
  • Christopher C. Kaeding
  • Lynn Borzi
  • Angela Pedroza
  • Laura J. Huston
  • Frank E. HarrellJr
  • Warren R. Dunn
Knee

DOI: 10.1007/s00167-011-1473-5

Cite this article as:
Reinke, E.K., Spindler, K.P., Lorring, D. et al. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc (2011) 19: 1806. doi:10.1007/s00167-011-1473-5

Abstract

Purpose

The hypothesis of this study was that single-legged horizontal hop test ratios would correlate with IKDC, KOOS, and Marx activity level scores in patients 2 years after primary ACL reconstruction.

Methods

Individual patient-reported outcome tools and hop test ratios on 69 ACL reconstructed patients were compared using correlations and multivariable modeling. Correlations between specific questions on the IKDC and KOOS concerning the ability to jump and hop ratios were also performed.

Results

The triple-hop ratio was moderately but significantly correlated with the IKDC, KOOS Sports and Recreation subscale, and the KOOS Knee Related Quality of Life subscale, as well as with the specific questions related to jumping. Similar but weaker relationship patterns were found for the single-hop ratio and timed hop. No significant correlations were found for the Marx activity level or crossover-hop ratio. Multivariable modeling showed almost no significant additional contribution to predictability of the IKDC or KOOS subscores by gender, BMI, or the number of faults on either leg.

Conclusions

The triple-hop test is most significantly correlated with patient-reported outcome scores. Multivariable modeling indicates that less than a quarter of the variability in outcome scores can be explained by hop test results. This indicates that neither test can serve as a direct proxy for the other; however, assessment of patient physical function by either direct report using validated outcome tools or by the hop test will provide relatively comparable data.

Level of evidence

II.

Keywords

ACL Hop test KOOS IKDC Marx activity Function 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emily K. Reinke
    • 1
  • Kurt P. Spindler
    • 1
  • Dawn Lorring
    • 2
  • Morgan H. Jones
    • 2
  • Leah Schmitz
    • 2
  • David C. Flanigan
    • 3
  • Angel Qi An
    • 4
  • Amanda R. Quiram
    • 1
  • Emily Preston
    • 1
  • Michael Martin
    • 3
  • Bettina Schroeder
    • 3
  • Richard D. Parker
    • 2
  • Christopher C. Kaeding
    • 3
  • Lynn Borzi
    • 2
  • Angela Pedroza
    • 3
  • Laura J. Huston
    • 1
  • Frank E. HarrellJr
    • 4
  • Warren R. Dunn
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedics and RehabilitationVanderbilt University Medical SchoolNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryCleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryThe Ohio State University School of MedicineColumbusUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiostatisticsVanderbilt University Medical SchoolNashvilleUSA