Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 36–42

Lateral collateral ligament reconstruction using a semitendinosus graft


DOI: 10.1007/s00167-003-0456-6

Cite this article as:
Buzzi, R., Aglietti, P., Vena, L.M. et al. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc (2004) 12: 36. doi:10.1007/s00167-003-0456-6


We evaluated 13 reconstructions of the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) of the knee associated with a reconstruction of the ACL (n=6) and PCL (n=7). In all cases the LCL was reconstructed using a semitendinosus tendon graft through a tunnel in the fibular head and fixed in anatomical insertion of LCL at lateral femoral condyle. Patients were evaluated using the IKDC form. Lateral joint opening and posterior tibial translation were studied by radiographic stress views. The follow-up average was of 60 months (38–93). In the ACL group five patient were symptoms free while one reported moderate pain after strenuous activity. The lateral stress radiographs showed lateral joint opening of 0–2 mm in five knees, and 3–5 mm in one. In the PCL group four patients were symptom free while three complained mild to moderate pain or swelling. Lateral joint opening was 0–2 mm in six knees and 3–5 in one. External rotation at 30° of flexion was 10° in one and between 0–5° in the remainder. Eleven of 13 patients returned to their preinjury level and two returned to one level lower. These findings indicate that the LCL can be successfully reconstructed with a free ST graft at the time of ACL or PCL reconstruction.


Lateral collateral ligamentSemitendinosus graftPosterolateral instabilityKnee ligament reconstructionPopliteofibular ligament

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.First Orthopedic ClinicUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly