Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 407–424

Child labour or school attendance? Evidence from Zambia

  • Peter Jensen
  • Helena Skyt Nielsen

DOI: 10.1007/s001480050051

Cite this article as:
Jensen, P. & Nielsen, H. J Popul Econ (1997) 10: 407. doi:10.1007/s001480050051


In this paper we investigate what affects school attendance and child labour in an LDC, using data for Zambia. Since the data comes from a household survey with information on all household members it allows us to take account of unobserved household effects by introducing household-specific effects in a logit model. The empirical analysis suggests that both economic and sociological variables are important determinants for the choice between school attendance and child labour. In particular, we find some support for the hypothesis that poverty forces households to keep their children away from school.

JEL classification: J24, I21, O15

Key words: Child labourhuman capitalhousehold-specific effects

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Jensen
    • 1
  • Helena Skyt Nielsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Science Park Aarhus, Gustav Wieds Vej 10c, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark (Fax: +4589422365; e-mail:,