Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 943–961

Fertility and endogenous gender bargaining power

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00148-012-0460-6

Cite this article as:
Komura, M. J Popul Econ (2013) 26: 943. doi:10.1007/s00148-012-0460-6

Abstract

We develop an intra-household bargaining model to examine the feedback effect of household fertility decisions on gender bargaining power. In our model, the household balance of power is endogenously determined reflecting social interactions, i.e., the fertility choices by the other couples in society. We show the presence of multiple equilibria in fertility outcome: one equilibrium characterized by patriarchal society with a high fertility rate, and another in which women are sufficiently empowered and the fertility rate is low. In other circumstances, this study also demonstrates a positive relationship between female wage rates and the fertility outcomes. Finally, we discuss its policy implications, comparing the effects of two family policies: the child allowance and the subsidies for market childcare.

Keywords

Endogenous intra-household bargaining powerFertilityFemale labor supplyChild support

Supplementary material

148_2012_460_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (115 kb)
(PDF 115 KB)
148_2012_460_MOESM2_ESM.docx (79 kb)
(DOC 79.0 KB)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of EconomicsNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan