Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 285–301

Effects of early maternal employment on maternal health and well-being


    • Department of EconomicsUniversity at Albany
    • NBER
  • Sara Markowitz
    • Department of EconomicsEmory University
    • NBER
  • Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
    • National Center for Children and FamiliesColumbia University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00148-012-0437-5

Cite this article as:
Chatterji, P., Markowitz, S. & Brooks-Gunn, J. J Popul Econ (2013) 26: 285. doi:10.1007/s00148-012-0437-5


This study uses data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study on Early Child Care to examine the effects of maternal employment on maternal mental and overall health, self-reported parenting stress, and parenting quality. These outcomes are measured when children are 6 months old. Among mothers of 6-month-old infants, maternal work hours are positively associated with depressive symptoms and parenting stress and negatively associated with self-rated overall health. However, maternal employment is not associated with quality of parenting at 6 months, based on trained assessors’ observations of maternal sensitivity.


Maternal employmentMaternal healthMaternity leaveFamily leave

JEL Classification


Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012