Original Paper

Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 303-322

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Gender patterns in Vietnam’s child mortality

  • Thong Le PhamAffiliated withSchool of Economics and Business Administration (SEBA), Cantho University
  • , Peter KooremanAffiliated withDepartment of Economics, Tilburg University Email author 
  • , Ruud H. KoningAffiliated withDepartment of Economics, Econometrics & Finance, University of Groningen
  • , Doede WiersmaAffiliated withDepartment of Economics, Econometrics & Finance, University of Groningen

Abstract

We analyze child mortality in Vietnam focusing on gender aspects. Contrary to several other countries in the region, mortality rates for boys are substantially larger than for girls. The mortality rate of boys appears to be more sensitive to parents’ education levels than the mortality rate of girls. A high education level of the father is particularly protective for boys. The rural–urban mortality difference in the raw data, which is particularly large for boys, can be fully explained by differences in observable characteristics of urban and rural households.

Keywords

Child mortality Gender differences Hazard rate Frailty model

JEL Classification

C13 C31 C35 C41 I12