Original Article


, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 549-566

First online:

Socializing artifacts as a half mirror of the mind

  • Toyoaki NishidaAffiliated withDepartment of Intelligence Science and Technology, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University Email author 
  • , Ryosuke NishidaAffiliated withKeio Research Institute at SFC, Keio University

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In the near future, our life will normally be surrounded with fairly complicated artifacts, enabled by the autonomous robot and brain–machine interface technologies. In this paper, we argue that what we call the responsibility flaw problem and the inappropriate use problem need to be overcome in order for us to benefit from complicated artifacts. In order to solve these problems, we propose an approach to endowing artifacts with an ability of socially communicating with other agents based on the artifact-as-a-half-mirror metaphor. The idea is to have future artifacts behave according to the hybrid intention composed of the owner’s intention and the social rules. We outline the approach and discuss its feasibility together with preliminary work.