, 21:395

From judgment to calculation

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00146-007-0106-5

Cite this article as:
Cooley, M. AI & Soc (2007) 21: 395. doi:10.1007/s00146-007-0106-5


We only regard a system or a process as being “scientific” if it displays the three predominant characteristics of the natural sciences: predictability, repeatability and quantifiability. This by definition precludes intuition, subjective judgement, tacit knowledge, heuristics, dreams, etc. in other words, those attributes which are peculiarly human. Furthermore, this is resulting in a shift from judgment to calculation giving rise, in some cases, to an abject dependency on the machine and an inability to disagree with the outcome or even question it. To tolerate such a situation could be seen as an abdication of professional responsibility. In complex technological and scientific environments, it is sometimes said that those who make best use of computers already know what the answer is (in ball park terms) before the calculation.


Judgment to calculation Human-centred systems Symbiosis Tacit knowledge Lushai Hills Effect Phylum Rule-following 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technology Innovation AssociatesSloughUK

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