, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 527-540,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Image processing and analysis algorithms for yarn hairiness determination

Abstract

Yarn hairiness is one of the key parameters influencing fabric quality. In this paper image processing and analysis algorithms developed for an automatic determination of yarn hairiness are presented. The main steps of the proposed algorithms are as follows: image preprocessing, yarn core extraction using graph cut method, yarn segmentation using high pass filtering based method and fibres extraction. The developed image analysis algorithms quantify yarn hairiness by means of the two proposed measures such as hair area index and hair length index, which are compared to the USTER hairiness index—the popular hairiness measure, used nowadays in textile science, laboratories and industry. The detailed description of the proposed approach is given. The developed method is verified experimentally for two distinctly different yarns, produced by the use of different spinning methods, different fibres types and characterized by totally different hairiness. The proposed algorithms are compared with computer methods previously used for yarn properties assessment. Statistical parameters of the hair length index (mean absolute deviation, standard deviation and coefficient of variation) are calculated. Finally, the obtained results are analyzed and discussed. The proposed approach of yarn hairiness measurement is universal and the presented algorithms can be successfully applied in different vision systems for yarn quantitative analysis.