, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 247-250
Date: 20 Apr 2014

Severe transient neonatal lactic acidosis during prophylactic zidovudine treatment

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Zidovudine (ZDV) treatment during pregnancy, delivery and the postnatal period is effective in reducing the maternal-infant transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus. Reported adverse effects in the neonate during this long-term treatment are bone marrow suppression and elevation in aspartate aminotransferase activity. We report a case of severe ZDV-associated lactic acidosis in a neonate, which resolved rapidly following discontinuation of ZDV. The mechanisms leading to this side effect are poorly understood.