, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 881-888

Long-term mortality and quality of life after septic shock: a follow-up observational study

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Abstract

Purpose

In septic shock, short-term outcomes are frequently reported, while long-term outcomes are not. The aim of this study was to evaluate mortality and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in survivors 6 months after an episode of septic shock.

Methods

This single-centre observational study was conducted in an intensive care unit in a university hospital. All patients with septic shock were included. Mortality was assessed 6 months after the onset of septic shock, and a comparison between patients who survived and those who died was performed. HRQOL was assessed using the MOS SF-36 questionnaire prior to hospital admission (baseline) and at 6 months in survivors. HRQOL at baseline and at 6 months were compared to the general French population, and HRQOL at baseline was compared to 6-month HRQOL.

Results

Ninety-six patients were included. Six-month mortality was 45 %. Survivors were significantly younger, had significantly lower lactate levels and SAPS II scores, required less renal support, received less frequent administration of corticosteroids, and had a longer length of hospital stay. At baseline (n = 39) and 6 months (n = 46), all of the components of the SF-36 questionnaire were significantly lower than those in the general population. Compared to baseline (n = 23), the Physical Component Score (CS) improved significantly at 6 months, the Mental CS did not differ.

Conclusions

Mortality 6 months after septic shock was high. HRQOL at baseline was impaired when compared to that of the general population. Although improvements were noted at 6 months, HRQOL remained lower than that in the general population.

Presented in part at the 2012 54th Annual Congress of the French Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (Société Française d’Anesthésie-Réanimation, SFAR), Paris, France, 19–22 September.