Intensive Care Medicine

, 37:1575

Recommendations on basic requirements for intensive care units: structural and organizational aspects

Authors

    • General and Medical ICURudolfstiftung Hospital
  • Patrick Ferdinande
    • Surgical and Transplantation ICUUniversity Hospital Gasthuisberg
  • ESICM Working Group on Quality Improvement
Special Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00134-011-2300-7

Cite this article as:
Valentin, A., Ferdinande, P. & ESICM Working Group on Quality Improvement Intensive Care Med (2011) 37: 1575. doi:10.1007/s00134-011-2300-7

Abstract

Objective

To provide guidance and recommendations for the planning or renovation of intensive care units (ICUs) with respect to the specific characteristics relevant to organizational and structural aspects of intensive care medicine.

Methodology

The Working Group on Quality Improvement (WGQI) of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) identified the basic requirements for ICUs by a comprehensive literature search and an iterative process with several rounds of consensus finding with the participation of 47 intensive care physicians from 23 countries. The starting point of this process was an ESICM recommendation published in 1997 with the need for an updated version.

Results

The document consists of operational guidelines and design recommendations for ICUs. In the first part it covers the definition and objectives of an ICU, functional criteria, activity criteria, and the management of equipment. The second part deals with recommendations with respect to the planning process, floorplan and connections, accommodation, fire safety, central services, and the necessary communication systems.

Conclusion

This document provides a detailed framework for the planning or renovation of ICUs based on a multinational consensus within the ESICM.

Keywords

Intensive care medicineOrganizationStructural requirementsQuality of careConsensus paper

Abbreviations

AHCP

Allied health care professional

dB

Decibel

ESICM

European Society of Intensive Care Medicine

ESM

Electronic supplementary material

FTE

Full time equivalent

HDU

High dependency unit

ICU

Intensive care unit

iv

Intravenous

LOC(s)

Level(s) of care

M and F

Male and female

WQI

Working Group of Quality Improvement (ESICM)

Supplementary material

134_2011_2300_MOESM1_ESM.doc (107 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 107 kb)

Copyright information

© Copyright jointly held by Springer and ESICM 2011