Inter-rater reliability of manual muscle strength testing in ICU survivors and simulated patients
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- Fan, E., Ciesla, N.D., Truong, A.D. et al. Intensive Care Med (2010) 36: 1038. doi:10.1007/s00134-010-1796-6
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The goal of the paper is to determine inter-rater reliability of trained examiners performing standardized strength assessments using manual muscle testing (MMT).
Design, subjects, and setting
The authors report on 19 trainees undergoing quality assurance within a multi-site prospective cohort study.
Inter-rater reliability for specially trained evaluators (“trainees”) and a reference rater, performing MMT using both simulated and actual patients recovering from critical illness was evaluated.
Measurements and results
Across 26 muscle groups tested by 19 trainee-reference rater pairs, the median (interquartile range) percent agreement and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC; 95% CI) were: 96% (91, 98%) and 0.98 (0.95, 1.00), respectively. Across all 19 pairs, the ICC (95% CI) for the overall composite MMT score was 0.99 (0.98–1.00). When limited to actual patients, the ICC was 1.00 (95% CI 0.99–1.00). The agreement (kappa; 95% CI) in detecting clinically significant weakness was 0.88 (0.44–1.00).
MMT has excellent inter-rater reliability in trained examiners and is a reliable method of comprehensively assessing muscle strength.