Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 222–228

A brief history of tracheostomy and tracheal intubation, from the Bronze Age to the Space Age

  • Peter Szmuk
  • Tiberiu Ezri
  • Shmuel Evron
  • Yehudah Roth
  • Jeffrey Katz
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00134-007-0931-5

Cite this article as:
Szmuk, P., Ezri, T., Evron, S. et al. Intensive Care Med (2008) 34: 222. doi:10.1007/s00134-007-0931-5

Abstract

Objective

To present a concise history of tracheostomy and tracheal intubation for the approximately forty centuries from their earliest description around 2000 BC until the middle of the twentieth century, at which time a proliferation of advances marked the beginning of the modern era of anesthesiology.

Data sources

Review of the literature.

Conclusions

The colorful and checkered past of tracheostomy and tracheal intubation informs contemporary understanding of these procedures. Often, the decision whether to perform a life-saving tracheostomy or tracheal intubation has been as important as the technical ability to perform it. The dawn of modern airway management owes its existence to the historical development of increasingly effective airway devices and to regular contributions of research into the pathophysiology of the upper airway.

Keywords

Tracheal intubation Tracheostomy History 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Szmuk
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tiberiu Ezri
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shmuel Evron
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yehudah Roth
    • 4
  • Jeffrey Katz
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical School and Children’s Medical Center at DallasDallasUSA
  2. 2.Members Outcome Research ConsortiumClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiaWolfson Medical Center, Affiliated to Tel Aviv UniversityHolonIsrael
  4. 4.Department of OtolaryngologyWolfson Medical Center, Affiliated to Tel Aviv UniversityHolonIsrael
  5. 5.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Texas Medical School at HoustonHoustonUSA

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