Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 543–550

Assessment of regional lung recruitment and derecruitment during a PEEP trial based on electrical impedance tomography

  • Torsten Meier
  • Henning Luepschen
  • Jan Karsten
  • Thorsten Leibecke
  • Martin Großherr
  • Hartmut Gehring
  • Steffen Leonhardt
Experimental

DOI: 10.1007/s00134-007-0786-9

Cite this article as:
Meier, T., Luepschen, H., Karsten, J. et al. Intensive Care Med (2008) 34: 543. doi:10.1007/s00134-007-0786-9

Abstract

Objective

To investigate whether electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is capable of monitoring regional lung recruitment and lung collapse during a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) trial.

Design

Experimental animal study of acute lung injury.

Subject

Six pigs with saline-lavage-induced acute lung injury.

Interventions

An incremental and decremental PEEP trial at ten pressure levels was performed. Ventilatory, gas exchange, and hemodynamic parameters were automatically recorded. EIT and computed tomography (CT) scans of the same slice were simultaneously taken at each PEEP level.

Measurements and results

A significant correlation between EIT and CT analyses of end-expiratory gas volumes (r = 0.98 up to 0.99) and tidal volumes (r = 0.55 up to r = 0.88) could be demonstrated. Changes in global and regional tidal volumes and arterial oxygenation (PaO2/FiO2) demonstrated recruitment/derecruitment during the trial, but at different onsets. During the decremental trial, derecruitment first occurred in dependent lung areas. This was indicated by lowered regional tidal volumes measured in this area and by a decrease of PaO2/FiO2. At the same time, the global tidal volume still continued to increase, because the increase of ventilation of the non-dependent areas was higher than the loss in the dependent areas. This indicates that opposing regional changes might cancel each other out when combined in a global parameter.

Conclusions

EIT is suitable for monitoring the dynamic effects of PEEP variations on the regional change of tidal volume. It is superior to global ventilation parameters in assessing the beginning of alveolar recruitment and lung collapse.

Keywords

Electrical impedance tomographyComputed tomographyAcute lung injuryLung recruitmentPositive end-expiratory pressure

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Torsten Meier
    • 1
  • Henning Luepschen
    • 3
  • Jan Karsten
    • 1
  • Thorsten Leibecke
    • 2
  • Martin Großherr
    • 1
  • Hartmut Gehring
    • 1
  • Steffen Leonhardt
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Campus LübeckLübeckGermany
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity Medical Center Schleswig-HolsteinLübeckGermany
  3. 3.Helmholtz Institute for Biomedical EngineeringRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany