, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 172-180
Date: 27 Oct 2006

Regional lung derecruitment after endotracheal suction during volume- or pressure-controlled ventilation: a study using electric impedance tomography

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Abstract

Objective

To assess lung volume and compliance changes during open- and closed-system suctioning using electric impedance tomography (EIT) during volume- or pressure-controlled ventilation.

Design and setting

Experimental study in a university research laboratory.

Subjects

Nine bronchoalveolar saline-lavaged pigs.

Interventions

Open and closed suctioning using a 14-F catheter in volume- or pressure-controlled ventilation at tidal volume 10 ml/kg, respiratory rate 20 breaths/min, and positive end-expiratory pressure 10 cmH2O.

Measurements and results

Lung volume was monitored by EIT and a modified N2 washout/-in technique. Airway pressure was measured via a pressure line in the endotracheal tube. In four ventral-to-dorsal regions of interest regional ventilation and compliance were calculated at baseline and 30 s and 1, 2, and 10 min after suctioning. Blood gases were followed. At disconnection functional residual capacity (FRC) decreased by 58 ± 24% of baseline and by a further 22 ± 10% during open suctioning. Arterial oxygen tension decreased to 59 ± 14% of baseline value 1 min after open suctioning. Regional compliance deteriorated most in the dorsal parts of the lung. Restitution of lung volume and compliance was significantly slower during pressure-controlled than volume-controlled ventilation.

Conclusions

EIT can be used to monitor rapid lung volume changes. The two dorsal regions of the lavaged lungs are most affected by disconnection and suctioning with marked decreases in compliance. Volume-controlled ventilation can be used to rapidly restitute lung aeration and oxygenation after lung collapse induced by open suctioning.

This study was supported by grants from the Medical Faculty of Gothenburg and Medical Society of Gothenburg. EIT equipment was supplied by Dräger Medical AB.