, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 1494-1497
Date: 09 Aug 2006

Relation between PaO2/FIO2 ratio and FIO2: a mathematical description

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Introduction

The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by severe hypoxemia, a cornerstone element in its definition. Numerous indices have been used to describe this hypoxemia, such as the arterial to alveolar O2 difference, the intrapulmonary shunt fraction, the oxygen index and the PaO2/FIO2 ratio. Of these different indices the PaO2/FIO2 ratio has been adopted for routine use because of its simplicity. This ratio is included in most ARDS definitions, such as the Lung Injury Score [1] and in the American–European Consensus Conference Definition [2]. Ferguson et al. recently proposed a new definition including static respiratory system compliance and PaO2/FIO2 measurement with PEEP set above 10 cmH2O, but FIO2 was still not fixed [3]. Important for this discussion, the PaO2/FIO2 ratio is influenced not only by ventilator settings and PEEP but also by FIO2. First, changes in FIO2 influence the intrapulmonary shunt fraction, which equals the true shunt plus ventilat ...