Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 441–446

Direct vs. mediated effects of scorpion venom: an experimental study of the effects of a second challenge with scorpion venom

Authors

  • Lamia Ouanes-Besbes
    • Intensive Care UnitCHU F Bourguiba
  • Souhail El Atrous
    • Unité de Recherche (UR/06/02)CHU
  • Semir Nouira
    • Intensive Care UnitCHU F Bourguiba
  • Nicolas Aubrey
    • Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle
  • Alain Carayon
    • Laboratoire de BiochimieUpres 1390 CHU Pitié Salpétrière
  • Mohamed El Ayeb
    • Institut Pasteur
    • Intensive Care UnitCHU F Bourguiba
Experimental

DOI: 10.1007/s00134-005-2555-y

Cite this article as:
Ouanes-Besbes, L., El Atrous, S., Nouira, S. et al. Intensive Care Med (2005) 31: 441. doi:10.1007/s00134-005-2555-y

Abstract

Objective

To assess the respective roles of venom and of catecholamines following scorpion envenomation and to verify whether a second challenge with scorpion venom induces the same consequences than a first one.

Design and setting

Controlled animal study in a university research laboratory.

Subjects

Anesthetized and ventilated dogs.

Interventions

Fifteen dogs received intravenously a sublethal dose of scorpion venom (0.05 mg/kg). In the reenvenomated group (n=5) a second venom challenge with one-half sublethal venom dose was performed 30 min after the first one. The control group (n=10) received saline. Five additional animals served as sham.

Measurements and results

Plasma toxin and catecholamine levels and a set of usual hemodynamic measurements were repeatedly measured in the first hour following envenomation. In the reenvenomated group another set of measurements was performed 5 min after the second challenge. Changes in toxin, catecholamines, and the main hemodynamic parameters were compared between the study groups. Initial peak toxin levels were similar in the two groups. They induced a striking increase in circulating catecholamines, a fall in heart rate, and an increase in mean arterial and pulmonary artery occluded pressures and in systemic vascular resistance. In the reenvenomated group the second challenge with scorpion venom achieved a toxin blood level similar to the first peak. However, it was not associated with a significant effect either on catecholamines release or on hemodynamics. Subsequent trends in hemodynamic changes were similar to those observed in the control group.

Conclusions

These data emphasize the limited role of direct effects of scorpion venom on the cardiovascular system and the key role of catecholamines.

Keywords

Scorpion envenomationHemodynamicsDog

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005