Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 1744–1750

Quality of life in acute respiratory distress syndrome survivors may be no worst than in other ICU survivors

  • Cristina Granja
  • Edite Morujão
  • Altamiro Costa-Pereira
Original

DOI: 10.1007/s00134-003-1808-x

Cite this article as:
Granja, C., Morujão, E. & Costa-Pereira, A. Intensive Care Med (2003) 29: 1744. doi:10.1007/s00134-003-1808-x

Abstract

Objective

To compare the health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors with that in a matched control group of non-ARDS survivors.

Design and setting

Prospective, matched, parallel cohort study, comparing HR-QOL between intensive care unit (ICU) survivors with ARDS and a control group in a tertiary care hospital.

Patients

Between May 1997 and December 2000, all ARDS adult patients of an eight-bed medical/surgical unit of a tertiary care hospital were enrolled and a control group of non-ARDS survivors, matched for severity of disease and for previous health state, was selected. The study included 29 ARDS survivors who answered the EQ-5D questionnaire and had lung function evaluated.

Measurements and results

A follow-up appointment was performed 6 months after ICU discharge consisting of: (a) evaluation of HR-QOL using EQ-5D and (b) lung function tests and measure of diffusing capacity. Among ARDS survivors 41% had normal lung function and 59% mild to moderate lung function impairments. Nearly a one-third of ARDS survivors reported problems in one or more of the five dimensions of the EQ-5D, and 48% reported feeling worse at the interview than 6 month before ICU admission. No significant differences were found in HR-QOL between ARDS survivors and other ICU survivors with similar age and matched for previous health state and severity of disease.

Conclusions

This study suggests that impairments in HR-QOL among ARDS survivors may not be distinguishable from that among other ICU survivors.

Keywords

Acute respiratory distress syndromeQuality of lifeHealth-related quality of lifeEQ-5D questionnaireLung function recoveryOutcome

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Granja
    • 1
  • Edite Morujão
    • 1
  • Altamiro Costa-Pereira
    • 2
  1. 1.Intensive Care UnitHospital Pedro HispanoMatosinhosPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Alameda Prof Hernani MonteiroUniversity of OportoOportoPortugal