Intensive Care Medicine

, Volume 28, Issue 10, pp 1411–1418

Intermittent versus continuous renal replacement therapy for acute renal failure in intensive care units: results from a multicenter prospective epidemiological survey

  • Claude Guérin
  • Raphaele Girard
  • Jean Selli
  • Louis Ayzac
Original

DOI: 10.1007/s00134-002-1433-0

Cite this article as:
Guérin, C., Girard, R., Selli, J. et al. Intensive Care Med (2002) 28: 1411. doi:10.1007/s00134-002-1433-0

Abstract

Objectives. To describe the current practice of hemodialysis in acute renal failure (ARF) and to estimate the impact of hemodialysis modality on patient outcome.

Design. Prospective multicenter observational study conducted from March 1996 to May 1997.

Setting. The 28 multidisciplinary ICUs in the Rhône-Alpes region in France.

Patients. The 587 patients who required hemodialysis.

Measurements and results. Patients were followed until hospital discharge. Among the 587 patients 354 received continuous (CRRT) and 233 intermittent (IRRT) renal replacement therapy as first choice. CRRT patients had a higher number of organ dysfunctions on admission and at the time of ARF and higher SAPS II at time of ARF. Mortality was 79% in the CRRT group and 59% in the IRRT group. Logistic regression analysis showed decreased patient survival to be associated with SAPS II on admission, oliguria, admission from hospital or emergency room, number of days between admission and ARF, cardiac dysfunction at time of ARF, and ischemic ARF. No underlying disease or nonfatal disease, and absence of hepatic dysfunction were associated with an increase in patient survival. The type of renal replacement therapy was not significantly associated with outcome.

Conclusions. Renal replacement therapy mode was not found to have any prognostic value. Randomized controlled trials should be undertaken to assess this important question.

Acute renal failure Renal replacement therapy Hemodialysis Logistic regression analysis Prognostic factors

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claude Guérin
    • 1
  • Raphaele Girard
    • 2
  • Jean Selli
    • 3
  • Louis Ayzac
    • 4
  1. 1.Service de Réanimation Médicale et Assistance Respiratoire, Hôpital de la Croix Rousse, 103 grande rue de la croix rousse, 69317 Lyon, France
  2. 2.Service d'Hygiène et d' Epidémiologie, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Lyon, France
  3. 3.Service d'Urgences et de Réanimation Médicale, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Lyon, France
  4. 4.C-Clin Sud-Est, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Lyon, France