, Volume 48, Issue 9, pp 1399-1404
Date: 30 Mar 2013

Psychotic disorders are more common in ethnic minority than in Dutch native defendants

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Abstract

Purpose

The prevalence of psychotic disorders among prisoners from racial or ethnic minority groups remains uncertain. We therefore compared the frequency of psychotic disorder in ethnic minority and Dutch native defendants using the nationwide database of elaborate pre-trial reports.

Methods

Analysis of a nationwide database of pre-trial reported defendants in the Netherlands between 2000 and 2006 (n = 12,752).

Results

A diagnosis of a psychotic disorder was more common in ethnic minority than in Dutch native defendants (21.1 vs. 10.2 %). The odds ratio of this diagnosis, adjusted for age, gender, IQ below 85 and abuse of cannabis or hard drugs, was 2.6 (95 % CI 2.2–3.0). This odds ratio was highest for African defendants (OR = 5.2; 95 % CI 3.7–7.4).

Conclusions

Psychotic disorders were more common among pre-trial reported defendants from ethnic minorities than among their Dutch native counterparts.