Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 48, Issue 9, pp 1399–1404

Psychotic disorders are more common in ethnic minority than in Dutch native defendants

  • David J. Vinkers
  • Jean-Paul Selten
  • Hans W. Hoek
  • Thomas Rinne
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00127-012-0629-z

Cite this article as:
Vinkers, D.J., Selten, JP., Hoek, H.W. et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (2013) 48: 1399. doi:10.1007/s00127-012-0629-z



The prevalence of psychotic disorders among prisoners from racial or ethnic minority groups remains uncertain. We therefore compared the frequency of psychotic disorder in ethnic minority and Dutch native defendants using the nationwide database of elaborate pre-trial reports.


Analysis of a nationwide database of pre-trial reported defendants in the Netherlands between 2000 and 2006 (n = 12,752).


A diagnosis of a psychotic disorder was more common in ethnic minority than in Dutch native defendants (21.1 vs. 10.2 %). The odds ratio of this diagnosis, adjusted for age, gender, IQ below 85 and abuse of cannabis or hard drugs, was 2.6 (95 % CI 2.2–3.0). This odds ratio was highest for African defendants (OR = 5.2; 95 % CI 3.7–7.4).


Psychotic disorders were more common among pre-trial reported defendants from ethnic minorities than among their Dutch native counterparts.


PsychosisEthnicityPrisonersForensic psychiatry

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Vinkers
    • 1
  • Jean-Paul Selten
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hans W. Hoek
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Thomas Rinne
    • 1
  1. 1.Netherlands Institute for Forensic Psychiatry and PsychologyRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.RivierduinenLeidenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and PsychologyMaastricht UniversityMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Parnassia Bavo Psychiatric InstituteThe HagueThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center GroningenUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  6. 6.Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA