Date: 18 Nov 2012
Trends in bipolar disorder or depression as a cause of death on death certificates of US residents, 1999–2009
- Anthony P. Polednak
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Temporal trends in mortality from bipolar disorder (BD) or depression in the US population, based on multiple causes (MC) rather than underlying cause (UC) alone on death certificates, apparently have not been examined.
The annual US age-standardized rate (ASR) for deaths per 100,000 US residents age 15+ years, and age-specific rates, for BD or depression using MC versus UC alone was examined for 1999–2009; percentage change (PC) from 1999 to 2009 was calculated.
The ASRs at age 15+ years were much higher using MC than UC alone. For BD using MC, the ASR increased from 1999 to 2009 (PC +69.2 %) with larger increases in age groups within 15–64 years (PCs about 200 %). For depression using MC, the ASR rose from 1999 to 2003 and then declined, but the decline was restricted to age 65+ years; the ASR at age 15–64 years increased from 1999 to 2009 (PC +55.5 %). For deaths at age 15–64 years with BD or depression as other than UC, the ASRs increased for external causes, cardiovascular diseases, external causes, and neoplasms as UC.
The large increases in mortality from BD using MC are consistent with reported increases in BD prevalence rates in the US population. The temporal increases in death rates related to mood disorders at age 15–64 years may provide further support for the need for interventions to address the mediators of excess mortality identified from cohort studies.
Anthony P. Polednak, has retired from the Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, Connecticut, USA.
Polednak AP (2012) US regional differences in death rates from depression. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (Online first), 23 April
Freeman EJ, Colpe LJ, Strine TW, Dhingra S, McGuire LC, Elam-Evans LD, Perry GS (2010) Public health surveillance for mental health. Prev Chron Dis 7:A17. http://www.cdc.gov.pcd/issues/2010/jan/09_0126.htm
Chapman DP, Perry GS, Strine TW (2005) The vital link between chronic disease and depression. Prev Chronic Dis 2:A14. http://www.cdc.gov.pcd/issues/2005/jan/04_0066.htm
Lawrence D, Kisely S, Pais J (2010) The epidemiology of excess mortality in people with mental illness. Can J Psychiatry 55:753–760
Kisely S (2010) Excess mortality from chronic physical disease in psychiatric patients—the forgotten problem. Can J Psychiatry 55:749–751PubMed
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012) National Center for Health Statistics. Multiple cause of death file 1999–2009 on CDC WONDER online database. http://wonder.cdc.gov/mcd-icd10.html
Yoon YH, Chen CM, Yi H, Moss HB (2011) Effect of comorbid alcohol and drug use disorders on premature death among unipolar and bipolar disorder decedents in the United States, 1999–2006. Comprehens Psychiatry 52:453–464CrossRef
American Psychiatric Association (2000) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), 4th Edn. American Psychiatric Association, USA
Atlantis E, Shi A, Penninx BJWH, Wittert GA, Taylor A, Almeida OP (2012) Chronic medical conditions mediate the association between depression and cardiovascular disease mortality. Soc Psychiat Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:615–625CrossRef
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2012) Mental health, United States 2010. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 12-4681. SAMHSA, Rockville. http://www.oas.samhsa.gov
Lasky T, Krieger A, Elixhauser A, Vitiello V (2011) Children’s hospitalization with a mood disorder diagnosis in general hospitals in the United States, 2000–2006. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 5:27. http://www.capmh.com/content/5/5/27
Gonda X, Pompili M, Serafini G, Montebovi F, Campi S, Dome P, Duleba T, Girarfi P, Rihmer Z (2012) Suicidal behavior in bipolar disorder: epidemiology, characteristics and major risk factors. J Affect Disord (Epub ahead of print)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) Physicians’ handbook on medical certification of death. 2003 Revision. U.S. DHHS, Hyattsville, DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 2003-1108
Benbow EW (2011) Accuracy of death certification. Br J Psychiatry 199:432–433
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2007) Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs—2007. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, Office of Smoking and Health
DeHert M, Correll CU, Bobes J, Cetkovich-Bakmas M, Cohen D, Asai I, Moller HJ, Gautam S, Detreaux J, Correll CU (2011) Physical illness in patients with severe mental disorders. I. Prevalence, impact of medications and disparities in health care. World Psychiatry 10:52–77
DeHert M, Cohen D, Bobes J, Cetkovich-Bakmas M, Leucht S, Ndetei DM, Newcomer JW, Uwakwe R, Leucht S (2011) Physical illness in patients with severe mental disorders. II. Barriers to care, monitoring and treatment guidelines, plus recommendations at the system and individual levels. World Psychiatry 20:138–151
- Trends in bipolar disorder or depression as a cause of death on death certificates of US residents, 1999–2009
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volume 48, Issue 7 , pp 1153-1160
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Bipolar disorder
- Mood disorders
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, CT, USA