ORIGINAL PAPER

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 44, Issue 8, pp 658-665

Health service staff’s attitudes towards patients with mental illness

  • Aikaterini ArvanitiAffiliated withDept. of Psychiatry, Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis
  • , Maria SamakouriAffiliated withDept. of Psychiatry, Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis
  • , Eleni KalamaraAffiliated withDept. of Psychiatry, Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis
  • , Valentini BochtsouAffiliated withDept. of Psychiatry, Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis Email author 
  • , Constantinos BikosAffiliated withDept. of Psychiatry, Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis
  • , Miltos LivaditisAffiliated withDept. of Psychiatry, Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis

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Abstract

Introduction

Stereotypes and prejudices against patients with mental illness are widespread in many societies. The aim of the present study is to investigate such attitudes among the staff and medical students, including employees and trainees, in a general university hospital.

Method

Six hundred individuals (361 employees, 231 students) completed the following questionnaires: Level of Contact Report (LCR), Authoritarianism Scale (AS), and Opinion about Mental Illness (OMI), a scale yielding five factors (social discrimination, social restriction, social care, social integration, and aetiology). Multivariate linear regression models were applied in order to search for the simultaneous effect of many variables on the scores of OMI factors.

Results

An important part of the sample held negative attitudes especially concerning social discrimination and restriction of the patients. Women, older and less educated staff, nursing staff, and people scoring higher on authoritarianism were more prejudiced. Higher scores on familiarity were associated with less negative attitudes.

Conclusion

The results indicate the need to develop sensitisation and training programs considering mental health topics among health service employees.

Keywords

attitudes familiarity hospital staff students mental illness