Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 266–272

Adverse parenting as a risk factor in the occurrence of anxiety disorders

A study in six European countries
  • Dirk Heider
  • Herbert Matschinger
  • Sebastian Bernert
  • Jordi Alonso
  • Traolach S. Brugha
  • Ronny Bruffaerts
  • Giovanni de Girolamo
  • Sandra Dietrich
  • Matthias C. Angermeyer
  • The ESEMeD/MHEDEA 2000 investigators
ORIGINAL PAPER

DOI: 10.1007/s00127-007-0302-0

Cite this article as:
Heider, D., Matschinger, H., Bernert, S. et al. Soc Psychiat Epidemiol (2008) 43: 266. doi:10.1007/s00127-007-0302-0

Abstract

Objective

The aim of the study was to test the homogeneity of the association between adverse parenting and anxiety disorders within these disorders as well as among six European countries.

Method

Based on data from 8,232 respondents (part II sample) originating from the European study of the epidemiology of mental disorders (ESEMeD), we examined the association between three dimensions of parental rearing (care, overprotection, authoritarianism) measured by a short form of the parental bonding instrument (PBI) and anxiety disorders by computing one logistic regression model per disorder.

Results

A similar pattern of recalled parenting behaviour across the four anxiety disorders assessed was found, with care and overprotection having the strongest associations. There were only minor country-specific variations of this pattern.

Conclusion

Our results suggest an association between adverse parenting and the risk of anxiety disorders in particular as well as psychiatric disorders in general that is rather non-disorder specific.

Key words

anxiety disordersparental bonding instrumentepidemiological study

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Heider
    • 1
  • Herbert Matschinger
    • 2
  • Sebastian Bernert
    • 2
  • Jordi Alonso
    • 3
  • Traolach S. Brugha
    • 4
  • Ronny Bruffaerts
    • 5
  • Giovanni de Girolamo
    • 6
  • Sandra Dietrich
    • 2
  • Matthias C. Angermeyer
    • 2
  • The ESEMeD/MHEDEA 2000 investigators
  1. 1.Health Economics Research Unit, Dept. of PsychiatryUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Dept. of PsychiatryUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  3. 3.Health Services Research UnitInstitut Municipal d’Investigació MèdicaBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Dept. of PsychiatryUniversity of LeicestermLeicesterUK
  5. 5.Dept. of PsychiatryUniversity Hospital GasthuisbergLeuvenBelgium
  6. 6.Dept. of Mental HealthAUSL Città di BolognaBolognaItaly