Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 1–10

DSM-IV mood-, anxiety- and alcohol use disorders and their comorbidity in the Finnish general population

Results from the Health 2000 Study
  • Sami P. Pirkola
  • Erkki Isometsä
  • Jaana Suvisaari
  • Hillevi Aro
  • Matti Joukamaa
  • Kari Poikolainen
  • Seppo Koskinen
  • Arpo Aromaa
  • Jouko K. Lönnqvist
ORIGINAL PAPER

DOI: 10.1007/s00127-005-0848-7

Cite this article as:
Pirkola, S.P., Isometsä, E., Suvisaari, J. et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (2005) 40: 1. doi:10.1007/s00127-005-0848-7

Abstract

Background

Information on prevalence, accumulation and variation of common mental disorders is essential for both etiological research and development of mental health service systems.

Methods

A representative sample (6005) of Finland’s general adult (≥ 30 years) population was interviewed in the period 2000–2001 with the CIDI for presence of DSM-IV mental disorders during the last 12 months in the comprehensive, multidisciplinary Health 2000 project.

Results

Depressive-, alcohol use- and anxiety disorders were found in 6.5%, 4.5 % and 4.1% of the subjects, respectively. A comorbid disorder was present in 19% of those with any disorder. Males had more alcohol use disorders (7.3 % vs. 1.4 %) and females more depressive disorders (8.3 % vs. 4.6 %). Older age, marriage and employment predicted lower prevalence of mental disorders and their comorbidity. Prevalences of alcohol use- and comorbid disorders were higher in the Helsinki metropolitan area, and depressive disorders in northern Finland.

Conclusions

Mental disorders and their comorbidities are distributed unevenly between sexes and age groups, are particularly associated with marital and employment status, and vary by region. There appears to be no single population subgroup at high risk for all mental disorders, but rather several different subgroups at risk for particular disorders or comorbidity patterns.

Key words

mental disorders epidemiologic studies prevalence depressive disorder alcoholism anxiety disorders comorbidity 

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sami P. Pirkola
    • 1
    • 2
  • Erkki Isometsä
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jaana Suvisaari
    • 1
    • 3
  • Hillevi Aro
    • 1
  • Matti Joukamaa
    • 4
    • 5
  • Kari Poikolainen
    • 1
    • 6
  • Seppo Koskinen
    • 7
  • Arpo Aromaa
    • 7
  • Jouko K. Lönnqvist
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Dept. of Mental Health and Alcohol ResearchNational Public Health InstituteHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Health and Social Services DivisionSTAKES (National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health)HelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Dept. of PsychiatryUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Dept. of Social PsychiatryTampere School of Public Health, University of TampereTampereFinland
  5. 5.Dept. of PsychiatryTampere University HospitalTampereFinland
  6. 6.Finnish Foundation for Alcohol StudiesHelsinkiFinland
  7. 7.Dept. of Health and Functional CapacityNational Public Health InstituteHelsinkiFinland

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