Prevalence of mood disorders in a national sample of young American adults
- Bruce S. JonasAffiliated withCenters for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics Office of Analysis, Epidemiology & Health Promotion, Room 6433
- , Debra BrodyAffiliated withCenters for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics Office of Analysis, Epidemiology & Health Promotion, Room 6433
- , Margaret RoperAffiliated withNational Institute of Mental Health
- , William E. NarrowAffiliated withAmerican Psychiatric Institute for Research and Education
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Availability of nationally representative mood disorder prevalence estimates in the United States, based on structured psychiatric interviews is limited. This report estimates overall lifetime prevalence of major depressive episode, dysthymia, and bipolar disorder using the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) and compares these estimates to the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study (ECA) conducted 10 years earlier. Additionally, prevalence estimate breakdowns by selected sociodemographic and health characteristics are investigated.
NHANES III, conducted from 1988 to 1994, is a large nationally representative cross-sectional sample of the United States. A population-based sample of 8,602 men and women 17–39 years of age were eligible to participate, of whom 7,667 (89.1 %) completed interviews. Mood disorder assessments came from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) administered as one component of the NHANES III.
Lifetime prevalence estimates were assessed for six mood measures: 1) major depressive episode (MDE) 8.6%, 2) major depressive episode with severity (MDE-s) 7.7%, 3) dysthymia 6.2%, 4) MDE-s with dysthymia 3.4%, 5) any bipolar disorder 1.6%, and 6) any mood disorder 11.5%. All estimates except for MDE and MDE-s were significantly higher than comparable ECA estimates.
These data provide recent national prevalence estimates. Based on their overall magnitudes, subgroup excesses, and observed increases compared to the ECA, continued monitoring of these estimates is warranted.
Key wordsmood disorders prevalence depression dysthymia bipolar disorder Diagnostic Interview Schedule NHANES III
- Prevalence of mood disorders in a national sample of young American adults
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volume 38, Issue 11 , pp 618-624
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
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- mood disorders
- bipolar disorder
- Diagnostic Interview Schedule
- NHANES III
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics Office of Analysis, Epidemiology & Health Promotion, Room 6433, 3311 Toledo Road, Hyattsville, MD, 20782, USA
- 2. National Institute of Mental Health, Bethseda, MD, USA
- 3. American Psychiatric Institute for Research and Education, Arlington, VA, USA