The Candelaria (Cu-Fe-Au) and Punta del Cobre (Cu-Fe) deposits (Copiapó, Chile): a case for extension-related granitoid emplacement and mineralization processes?
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- Oyarzun, R., Rodríguez, M., Pincheira, M. et al. Mineral. Deposita (1999) 34: 799. doi:10.1007/s001260050241
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The Lower Cretaceous volcanic formations of Copiapó (Chile) host major stratiform, disseminated, vein, and stockwork mineral deposits. Among these are the Punta del Cobre district (Cu-Fe) and the neighbouring, large Candelaria deposit (Cu-Fe-Au). These deposits are likely to have formed during a major extensional event that was accompanied by granitoid emplacement that triggered important contact metamorphism, metasomatic activity and mineralization processes. We suggest here that alteration-mineralization processes developed within the upper-plate domain of a NNE-trending, ESE-dipping extensional system, while granitoids were accomodated within the lower-plate. If this model prove to be right, `Candelaria-type' deposits may be hidden beneath the present, higher structural position of the Punta del Cobre district.