Diabetologia

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 859–864

Human islet transplantation network for the treatment of Type I diabetes: first data from the Swiss-French GRAGIL consortium (1999–2000)

  • P. Y. Benhamou
  • J. Oberholzer
  • C. Toso
  • L. Kessler
  • A. Penfornis
  • F. Bayle
  • C. Thivolet
  • X. Martin
  • F. Ris
  • L. Badet
  • C. Colin
  • P. Morel
  • on behalf of the GRAGIL
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s001250100571

Cite this article as:
Benhamou, P., Oberholzer, J., Toso, C. et al. Diabetologia (2001) 44: 859. doi:10.1007/s001250100571

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis. Improvements in islet transplantation require clinical series large enough to implement controlled new strategies. The goal of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of a multicentre network for islet transplantation in Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients. Methods. The five centres (Besançon, Geneva, Grenoble, Lyon, Strasbourg) of the GRAGIL network allow pancreas procurement, recipient recruitment, transplantation procedure and follow-up. Islet isolation is, however, performed in one single laboratory (Geneva). Pancreata were procured in each of the five centres and transported to Geneva with an ischaemia time of less than 8 hours. Islets were isolated using a standard automated method. If the islet number was too low for a graft ( < 6000 Islet-equivalent /kg), islets were cultured up to 12 days until another isolation was possible. Islets were transplanted by percutaneous transhepatic intraportal injection. Immunosuppression consisted of cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, steroids and an anti-interleukin 2 receptor antibody. Results. From March 1999 to June 2000, 56 pancreata procurements were performed with an average yield of 234 500 islet-equivalent, with 32 preparations over 200 000 islet-equivalent. Ten C-peptide negative Type I diabetic patients (5 men and 5 women, median age 44 years, median diabetes duration 29 years) with an established kidney graft ( > 6 months) received 9030 ± 1090 islet-equivalent/kg with a median purity of 63 %. The number of pancreata required for each graft was 1 (n = 5) or 2 (n = 5). At the completion of a 12 month follow-up, we observed 0 % primary nonfunction, 50 % graft survival and 20 % insulin-independence. Conclusions/interpretation. This study demonstrates the interest and the feasibility of a multicentre collaboration in human islet transplantation. [Diabetologia (2001) 44: 859–864]

Keywords Pancreatic islet transplantationType I diabetes mellitusmulticentre network.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Y. Benhamou
    • 1
  • J. Oberholzer
    • 2
  • C. Toso
    • 2
  • L. Kessler
    • 3
  • A. Penfornis
    • 4
  • F. Bayle
    • 1
  • C. Thivolet
    • 6
  • X. Martin
    • 5
  • F. Ris
    • 2
  • L. Badet
    • 5
  • C. Colin
    • 7
  • P. Morel
    • 2
  • on behalf of the GRAGIL
  1. 1.Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital, Grenoble, FranceFR
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, University Hospital, Geneva, SwitzerlandCH
  3. 3.Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital, Strasbourg, FranceFR
  4. 4.Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital, Besançon, FranceFR
  5. 5.Department of Urology, Hospices Civils, Lyon, FranceFR
  6. 6.INSERM U449, Lyon, FranceFR
  7. 7.Department of Medical Information, Hospices Civils, Lyon, FranceFR