Diabetologia

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 245–248

Variable effects of the APOC3 –482C > T variant on insulin, glucose and triglyceride concentrations in different ethnic groups

Authors

  • D. M. Waterworth
    • Centre for Cardiovascular Genetics, Department of Medicine, The Rayne Institute, University College London, UK
  • P. J. Talmud
    • Centre for Cardiovascular Genetics, Department of Medicine, The Rayne Institute, University College London, UK
  • S. E. Humphries
    • Centre for Cardiovascular Genetics, Department of Medicine, The Rayne Institute, University College London, UK
  • P. D. Wicks
    • Department of Public Health Sciences, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, UK
  • G. A. Sagnella
    • Department of Medicine, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, UK
  • P. Strazzullo
    • Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University Medical School, Naples, Italy
  • K. G. M. M. Alberti
    • Department of Medicine, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK
  • D. G. Cook
    • Department of Public Health Sciences, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, UK
  • F. P. Cappuccio
    • Department of General Practice and Primary Care, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, UK
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s001250051607

Cite this article as:
Waterworth, D., Talmud, P., Humphries, S. et al. Diabetologia (2001) 44: 245. doi:10.1007/s001250051607

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis. The apolipoprotein C3–482C > T variant modulates insulin and glucose concentrations after an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in young healthy white men. We evaluated the effect of this variant in different ethnic groups with different rates of Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease. Methods. We investigated the –482C > T in a population-based cross-sectional study of white subjects (n = 462), South Asians (n = 442) and subjects of West African and Afro-Caribbean origin (n = 462), whose OGTT and fasting plasma triglyceride concentrations had been measured. Results. The –482T allele frequency differed between the three groups: 0.25 (95 % CI 0.22–0.28) in white subjects, 0.44 (0.41–0.47) in South Asians and 0.71 (0.68–0.74) in black subjects (p < 0.0001). A positive association was found between body mass index and genotype in black women (p = 0.009) and in black men (p = 0.056) but not in white subjects or South Asians. Associations between –482C > T and fasting insulin were found in white subjects, where –482T allele carriers had higher concentrations (adjusted for age and sex, p = 0.007, also including smoking and body mass index, p = 0.038). Higher triglyceride concentrations (p = 0.004 and p = 0.007 in the two models) but not glucose concentrations were also associated with –482C > T. In black subjects, decreased fasting insulin (p = 0.04) and fasting glucose (p = 0.004) were associated with –482C > T. No relation was observed between genotype and any post-load measures. Conclusions/interpretation. Allele frequencies of the –482C > T and associations with insulin, glucose and triglyceride concentrations vary considerably among ethnic groups. Although the results are consistent among white subjects across different studies, the associations among black subjects and South Asians differ. [Diabetologia (2001) 44: 245–248]

KeywordsAPOC3insulinglucosetriglyceride.
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001