Diabetologia

, Volume 43, Issue 12, pp 1534–1539

Glycaemic control is associated with pre-eclampsia but not with pregnancy-induced hypertension in women with Type I diabetes mellitus

  • V. Hiilesmaa
  • L. Suhonen
  • K. Teramo
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s001250051565

Cite this article as:
Hiilesmaa, V., Suhonen, L. & Teramo, K. Diabetologia (2000) 43: 1534. doi:10.1007/s001250051565

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis. To investigate the association between glycaemic control and hypertensive pregnancy complications. Methods. From 1988 to 1997, we followed up 683 consecutive non-selected pregnancies in women with Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Glycaemic control was assessed by assay of HbA1 c. Pre-eclampsia was defined as diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or more at the end of pregnancy after an increase of 15 mmHg or more, combined with proteinuria of 0.3 g or more for 24 h. Pregnancy-induced hypertension was defined similarly but without proteinuria. The same criteria were applied to a control group of 854 non-selected non-diabetic women. Results. Pre-eclampsia developed in 12.8 % of the women with diabetes (excluding those with nephropathy before pregnancy) and in 2.7 % of the control women (odds ratio 5.2; 95 % CI 3.3–8.4). In multiple logistic regression, glycaemic control, nulliparity, retinopathy and duration of diabetes emerged as statistically significant independent predictors of pre-eclampsia. The adjusted odds ratios for pre-eclampsia were 1.6 (95 % CI 1.3–2.0) for each 1 % increment in the HbA1 c value at 4–14 (median 7) weeks of gestation and 0.6 (0.5–0.8) for each 1 % decrement achieved during the first half of pregnancy. Changes in glycaemic control during the second half of pregnancy did not significantly alter the risk of pre-eclampsia. Unlike pre-eclampsia, the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension was not associated with glycaemic control. Conclusion/interpretation. In women with Type I diabetes, poor glycaemic control is associated with an increased risk of pre-eclampsia but not with a risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. [Diabetologia (2000) 43: 1534–1539]

Keywords Adultinsulin-dependent diabetes mellitusfemaleglycated hemoglobin Ahyperglycaemiahypertensionpre-eclampsiapregnancydiabetes during pregnancy.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Hiilesmaa
    • 1
  • L. Suhonen
    • 1
  • K. Teramo
    • 1
  1. 1.The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, FinlandFI