Diabetologia

, Volume 41, Issue 9, pp 1057–1063

Hyperinsulinaemia, dyslipaemia and cardiovascular risk in girls with a history of premature pubarche

Authors

  • L. Ibáñez
    • Adolescent and Endocrine Unit, Hospital Universitari Materno-Infantil Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
  • N. Potau
    • Hormonal Laboratory, Hospital Universitari Materno-Infantil Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
  • P. Chacon
    • Department of Clinical Chemistry, Hospital Universitari General Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
  • C. Pascual
    • Department of Clinical Chemistry, Hospital Universitari General Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
  • A. Carrascosa
    • Adolescent and Endocrine Unit, Hospital Universitari Materno-Infantil Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
Originals

DOI: 10.1007/s001250051030

Cite this article as:
Ibáñez, L., Potau, N., Chacon, P. et al. Diabetologia (1998) 41: 1057. doi:10.1007/s001250051030

Summary

Girls with a history of premature pubarche, i. e. appearance of pubic hair before 8 years of age, show hyperinsulinism in response to an oral glucose tolerance test. As hyperinsulinaemia has a major role in dyslipaemia, and is considered an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, we assessed the patterns of plasma insulin concentration after a standard oral glucose tolerance test as well as fasting serum lipid, lipoprotein, and sex hormone-binding globulin concentrations in girls (n = 81) with premature pubarche compared with girls (n = 55) matched with them for stage and bone age to ascertain their metabolic states to identify those potentially at risk for the development of premature cardiovascular disease. Mean serum insulin concentrations were higher in patients at all pubertal stages, and associated with elevated serum triglyceride, very low density cholesterol and very low density triglyceride concentrations (p value range 0.04 to < 0.0001) but reduced sex hormone-binding globulin. Premature pubarche patients also displayed higher low density to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratios compared with control subjects (p = 0.004 to 0.008). In conclusion, hyperinsulinaemia, decreased sex hormone-binding globulin concentrations and an unfavourable lipid pattern are common features in premature pubarche girls supporting the contention that atherogenic abnormalities composing the metabolic syndrome could start in childhood. To determine the clinical sequelae of such clustering of metabolic deviations, girls who were identified need to be followed up for the potential development of premature cardiovascular disease. [Diabetologia (1998) 41: 1057–1063]

Keywords Premature pubarchehyperinsulinismhyperandrogenismdyslipaemiacardiovascular disease.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998