, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 563-572

HLA-dependent autoantibodies against post-translationally modified collagen type II in type 1 diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis

In this study the involvement of oxidative stress in type 1 diabetes mellitus autoimmunity and the possible association with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was investigated. We tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress induced by chronic hyperglycaemia triggers post-translational modifications and thus the formation of neo-antigens in type 1 diabetes, similar to the ones found in RA.

Methods

Collagen type II (CII), a known autoantigen in RA, was treated with ribose and various reactive oxygen species (ROS). Levels of antibodies specific to native and ROS-modified CII (ROS-CII) were compared in type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and healthy controls, and related to the HLA genotype.

Results

Significantly higher binding to ROS-CII vs native CII was observed in type 1 diabetic patients possessing the HLA-DRB1*04 allele irrespective of variables of glucose control (blood glucose or HbA1c). Type 1 diabetic patients carrying a DRB1*04 allele with the shared epitope showed the highest risk for ROS-CII autoimmunity, while the DRB1*0301 allele was protective. Conversely, native CII autoimmunity was not associated with any specific DRB1 allele. Positive and inverse seroconversion rates of response to ROS-CII were high in DRB1*04-positive type 1 diabetic patients.

Conclusion

Hyperglycaemia and oxidative stress may trigger genetically controlled autoimmunity to ROS-CII and may explain the association between type 1 diabetes mellitus and RA.

P. Pozzilli and A. Nissim contributed equally to this work.