, Volume 54, Issue 9, pp 2303-2314
Date: 03 Jun 2011

Associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (+45T>G, +276G>T, −11377C>G, −11391G>A) of adiponectin gene and type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis

The associations between adiponectin polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes have been studied widely; however, results are inconsistent.

Methods

We searched electronic literature databases and reference lists of relevant articles. A fixed or random effects model was used on the basis of heterogeneity. Sub-group and meta-regression analyses were conducted to explore the sources of heterogeneity.

Results

There were no statistically significant associations between +45T>G (rs2241766), +276G>T (rs1501299), −11391G>A (rs17300539) and type 2 diabetes risk. However, for −11377C>G (rs266729), the pooled OR (95% CI) for G vs C allele was 1.07 (1.03–1.11, p = 0.001). Subgroup analysis by study design revealed that −11377C>G (rs266729) dominant model (CG+GG vs CC, p = 0.0008) and G vs C allele (p = 0.0004) might be associated with type 2 diabetes risk in population-based case–control studies. After stratification by ethnicity, we found that −11377C>G (rs266729) dominant model (CG+GG vs CC, p = 0.004) and G vs C allele (p = 0.001) might be associated with type 2 diabetes risk in white individuals. In individuals with a family history of diabetes, the presence of −11391G>A (rs17300539) dominant model (GA+AA vs GG) and A vs G allele might be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

Conclusions/interpretation

The presence of +45T>G (rs2241766), +276G>T (rs1501299) and −11391G>A (rs17300539) do not appear to influence the development of type 2 diabetes. However, G vs C allele of −11377C>G (rs266729) might be a risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

L. Y. Han, Y. H. Hao and L. B. Liang contributed equally to this study.