, Volume 52, Issue 8, pp 1686-1688
Date: 06 Jun 2009

Islet-associated macrophages in type 2 diabetes

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To the Editor: Recently evidence has emerged that supports a role for islet inflammation in the development of type 2 diabetes in man, suggesting that there may be certain common features underlying the pathology of beta cell loss in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In particular, data have recently been presented revealing an increased number of macrophages infiltrating the islets of nine type 2 diabetic patients, as well as in several animal models of type 2 diabetes (including high-fat-fed C57BL6/6J mice, GK rats and the db/db mouse) when compared with relevant controls [1]. Those authors argued that this evidence implies that macrophage infiltration could be involved in mediating beta cell dysfunction and loss in type 2 diabetes. In view of these conclusions, we considered it important to verify whether increased macrophage infiltration is also observed in a different and larger cohort of human patients with type 2 diabetes and to assess the magnitude of this response.

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