, Volume 49, Issue 7, pp 1686-1689
Date: 03 May 2006

Estimating glomerular filtration rate in diabetes: a comparison of cystatin-C- and creatinine-based methods

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis

We compared the predictive performance of a GFR based on serum cystatin C levels with commonly used creatinine-based methods in subjects with diabetes.

Subjects, materials and methods

In a cross-sectional study of 251 consecutive clinic patients, the mean reference (plasma clearance of 99mTc-diethylene-triamine-penta-acetic acid) GFR (iGFR) was 88±2 ml min−1 1.73 m−2. A regression equation describing the relationship between iGFR and 1/cystatin C levels was derived from a test population (n=125) to allow for the estimation of GFR by cystatin C (eGFR-cystatin C). The predictive performance of eGFR-cystatin C, the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease 4 variable formula (MDRD-4) and Cockcroft–Gault (C–G) formulas were then compared in a validation population (n=126).

Results

There was no difference in renal function (ml min−1 1.73 m−2) as measured by iGFR (89.2±3.0), eGFR-cystatin C (86.8±2.5), MDRD-4 (87.0±2.8) or C–G (92.3±3.5). All three estimates of renal function had similar precision and accuracy.

Conclusions/interpretation

Estimates of GFR based solely on serum cystatin C levels had the same predictive potential when compared with the MDRD-4 and C–G formulas.