Abnormal splicing of hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 alpha in maturity-onset diabetes of the young
- Cite this article as:
- Bulman, M., Harries, L., Hansen, T. et al. Diabetologia (2002) 45: 1463. doi:10.1007/s00125-002-0919-1
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Aims/hypothesis. Mutations in the HNF-1α gene result in maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY); an early-onset, dominantly inherited form of diabetes caused by pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. Splice site mutations represent approximately 10% of reported HNF-1α mutations. No studies to date have investigated the effect of splice site mutations on mRNA processing because the tissues with abundant HNF-1α expression (liver, pancreas, kidney and gut) are not easily accessible for analysis. This study aimed to define the pathogenic mechanism in three novel splice site mutations by analysing illegitimate transcripts.
Methods. To assess the consequence of potential HNF-1α splice site mutations we developed a nested reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) assay for the amplification of illegitimate HNF-1α transcripts in Epstein Barr virus transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines.
Results. Sequencing the illegitimate HNF-1α transcripts showed that the splice donor site mutation IVS8nt+1G>A leads to complete skipping of exon 8, the splice acceptor site mutation IVS4nt-2A>G causes skipping of exon 5 with the recruitment of a cryptic splice acceptor site within intron 5 and the cryptic splice acceptor site mutation (IVS7nt-6G>A) resulted in the skipping of exon 7. All three changes are predicted to result in premature termination of the HNF-1α protein, providing further evidence for their role as pathogenic mutations.
Conclusion/interpretation. We conclude that the sequencing of illegitimate transcripts from lymphoblastoid cell lines is helpful in the assessment of intronic variation in HNF-1α that could alter splicing. This analysis of the mRNA is required to define mutational mechanisms and confirm pathogenic status.