, Volume 101, Issue 8, pp 1259-1268

The development of oat microsatellite markers and their use in identifying relationships among Avena species and oat cultivars

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Abstract 

Microsatellites have many desirable marker properties. There has been no report of the development and utilization of microsatellite markers in oat. The objectives of the present study were to construct oat microsatellite-enriched libraries, to isolate microsatellite sequences and evaluate their level of polymorphism in Avena species and oat cultivars. One hundred clones were isolated and sequenced from three oat microsatellite-libraries enriched for either (AC/TG) n , (AG/TC) n or (AAG/TTC) n repeats. Seventy eight clones contained microsatellites. A database search showed that 42% of the microsatellite flanking sequences shared significant homology with various repetitive elements. Alu and retrotransposon sequences were the two largest groups associated with the microsatellites. Forty four primer sets were used to amplify the DNA from 12 Avena species and 20 Avena sativa cultivars. Sixty two percent of the primers revealed polymorphism among the Avena species, but only 36% among the cultivars. In the cultivars, the microsatellites associated with repetitive elements were less polymorphic than those not associated with repetitive elements. Only 25% of the microsatellites associated with repetitive elements were polymorphic, while 46% of the microsatellites not associated with repetitive elements showed polymorphism in the cultivars. An average of four alleles with a polymorphism information content (PIC) of 0.57 per primer set was detected among the Avena species, and 3.8 alleles with a PIC of 0.55 among the cultivars. In addition, 54 barley microsatellite primers were tested in Avena species and 26% of the primers amplified microsatellites from oat. Using microsatellite polymorphisms, dendrograms were constructed showing phylogenetic relationships among Avena species and genetic relationships among oat cultivars.

Received: 1 November 1999 / Accepted: 14 April 2000