, Volume 101, Issue 3, pp 438-448

Characteristics, linkage-map positions, and allelic differentiation of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench DNA simple-sequence repeats (SSRs)

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Fifty one clones isolated from a size-fractionated genomic DNA library of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, that had been probed with four radiolabeled di- and tri-nucleotide oligomers, were sequenced. Fifty of the clones contained one or more simple-sequence repeats (SSRs) [72% of which were (AG/TC) n SSRs] and, following analysis of the clones, polymerase-chain-reaction primer sets that amplify 38 unique SSR loci were developed. Genotyping of the 38 loci in 18 sorghum accessions, including the parents of a recombinant inbred (RI) mapping population, revealed polymorphism at 36 of the loci among the 18 accessions and at 31 of the loci (not including null alleles at two loci) between the parents of the RI population. All of the latter 31 loci were mapped. The genotypes at 17-mapped SSR loci were assayed in 190 S. bicolor accessions in order to determine δ* T , the estimated level of allelic differentiation (the estimated probability that two members of a population, chosen at random and without replacement, differ in allelic composition), at each of the loci. The mean δ* T value determined for S. bicolor overall was 0.89, the range of mean δ* T values for ten S. bicolor races was from 0.88 to 0.83, and the range of mean δ* T values for ten working groups (= sub-races) of the race caudatum, with only two exceptions, was from 0.87 to 0.79. The lowest δ* T values for six of the loci among the ten race-caudatum working groups ranged from 0.86 to 0.70; thus, the probability that different alleles will be present at one or more of these loci in two accessions chosen at random from a working group is > 0.996 when three of the loci are genotyped, and > 0.9999 when all six of the loci are genotyped. The results of this study confirm that most S. bicolor SSR loci are sufficiently polymorphic to be useful in marker- assisted selection programs and they indicate that the levels of polymorphism at some loci are high enough to allow the vast majority of S. bicolor accessions, even accessions within working groups, to be distinguished from one another by determining the genotypes at a small number, perhaps as few as a half-dozen, SSR loci.

Received: 13 September 1999 / Accepted: 2 December 1999