Molecular marker assisted genetic analysis of head shattering in six-rowed barley
Head shattering in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) has two forms; brittle rachis and weak rachis. Brittle rachis is not observed in cultivated barley since all cultivars carry non-brittle alleles at one of the two complementary brittle rachis loci (Btr1;Btr2). Weak rachis causes head shattering in barley cultivars and may be confused with brittle rachis. Brittle rachis has been mapped to the chromosome 3 (3H) short arm while map position(s) of the weak rachis is unknown. Two major and a putative minor QTL for head shattering were mapped using the Steptoe × Morex doubled haploid line population. The largest QTL, designated Hst-3, located on the chromosome 3 (3H) centromeric region, is associated with a major yield QTL. The Steptoe Hst-3 region, when transferred into Morex, resulted in a substantial decrease in head shattering. High-resolution mapping of Hst-3 was achieved using isogenic lines. Brittle rachis was mapped with molecular markers and shown to be located in a different position from that of Hst-3. The second major QTL, designated Hst-2 S, is located on chromosome 2 S. This locus is associated with an environmentally sensitive yield QTL.