, Volume 97, Issue 4, pp 633-641

Identification of quantitative trait loci contributing to Fusarium wilt resistance on an AFLP linkage map of flax (Linum usitatissimum)

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Abstract

 An AFLP genetic linkage map of flax (Linum usitatissimum) was used to identify two quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on independent linkage groups with a major effect on resistance to Fusarium wilt, a serious disease caused by the soil pathogen Fusarium oxysporum (lini). The linkage map was constructed using a mapping population from doubled-haploid (DH) lines. The DH lines were derived from the haploid component of F2 haploid-diploid twin seed originating from a cross between a polyembryonic, low-linolenic-acid genotype (CRZY8/RA91) and the Australian cultivar ‘Glenelg’. The AFLP technique was employed to generate 213 marker loci covering approximately 1400 cM of the flax genome (n=15) with an average spacing of 10 cM and comprising 18 linkage groups. Sixty AFLP markers (28%) deviated significantly (P<0.05) from the expected segregation ratio. The map incorporated RFLP markers tightly linked to flax rust (Melamspora lini) resistance genes and markers detected by disease resistance gene-like sequences. The study illustrates the potential of the AFLP technique as a robust and rapid method to generate moderately saturated linkage maps, thereby allowing the molecular analysis of traits, such as resistance to Fusarium wilt, that show oligogenic patterns of inheritance.

Received: 8 December 1997 / Accepted: 7 April 1998