Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 97, Issue 1, pp 227-231

Reconstruction of a grapevine pedigree by microsatellite analysis

  • K. M. SefcAffiliated withZentrum für Angewandte Genetik, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Muthgasse 18, A-1190 Vienna, Austria Fax: +43 1 36006 6392
  • , H. SteinkellnerAffiliated withZentrum für Angewandte Genetik, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Muthgasse 18, A-1190 Vienna, Austria Fax: +43 1 36006 6392
  • , J. GlösslAffiliated withZentrum für Angewandte Genetik, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Muthgasse 18, A-1190 Vienna, Austria Fax: +43 1 36006 6392
  • , S. KampferAffiliated withZentrum für Angewandte Genetik, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Muthgasse 18, A-1190 Vienna, Austria Fax: +43 1 36006 6392
  • , F. RegnerAffiliated withHöhere Bundeslehranstalt und Bundesamt für Wein- und Obstbau, Wiener Straße 74, A-3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria

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Abstract

 Microsatellites are ideal markers for revealing genetic relationships between individuals because of their co-dominant inheritance. In this study we determined the genetic profiles of 52 grapevine cultivars using 32 microsatellite markers. We were able to define the complex genetic relationship among nine European grapevine cultivars. None of these parent-offspring combinations were anticipated beforehand. The ancient cultivar Silvaner is shown to be an offspring from Traminer and Österreichisch Weiß. Rotgipfler originates from a cross between Traminer and Roter Veltliner, while Frühroter Veltliner originates from Roter Veltliner×Silvaner and Frühroter Veltliner× Portugieser gave rise to Jubiläumsrebe. A pedigree illustrating the putative crosses was reconstructed.

Key words Grapevine Vitis Parentage analysis Microsatellites Simple sequence repeats