Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 94, Issue 6, pp 749–757

Localization of introduced genes on the chromosomes of transgenic barley, wheat and triticale by fluorescence in situ hybridization

  • C. Pedersen
  • J. Zimny
  • D. Becker
  • A. Jähne-Gärtner
  • H. Lörz

DOI: 10.1007/s001220050474

Cite this article as:
Pedersen, C., Zimny, J., Becker, D. et al. Theor Appl Genet (1997) 94: 749. doi:10.1007/s001220050474

Abstract

 Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) we localized introduced genes on metaphase chromosomes of barley, wheat, and triticale transformed by microprojectile bombardment of microspores and scutellar tissue with the pDB1 plasmid containing the uidA and bar genes. Thirteen integration sites were detected in the nine lines analysed. Southern analysis showed that three or more copies of the plasmid were present in the lines. In a triticale line containing four copies three different integration sites were identified, indicating that the method described is sensitive enough for the detection of single-copy integrations. There was a slight tendency towards the localization of transgenes in distal chromosome regions. Using the GAA-satellite sequence for chromosome banding, the chromosomes containing the inserted genes were identified in most cases. Two barley lines derived from the same transformant showed a totally different integration pattern. Southern analysis confirmed that the inserted genes were segregating independently, resulting in different integration patterns among the progeny lines. The application of the FISH technique for the analysis of transgenic plants is discussed.

Key words Transgenic barleywheat and triticaleChromosomal localizationFISHIntegration pattern

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Pedersen
    • 1
  • J. Zimny
    • 2
  • D. Becker
    • 3
  • A. Jähne-Gärtner
    • 3
  • H. Lörz
    • 3
  1. 1.Environmental Science and Technology Department, Plant Genetics, Risoe National Laboratory, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde, DenmarkDK
  2. 2.Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institite, Radzików, PL-00950 Warzawa, P.O. Box 1019, PolandPL
  3. 3.Zentrum für Angewandte Molekularbiologie der Pflanzen, AMP II, Institut für Allgemeine Botanik der Universität Hamburg, Ohnhorststr. 18, D-22609 Hamburg, GermanyDE