, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 75-82

Mapping of two genes for resistance to clubroot (Plasmodiophora brassicae) in a population of doubled haploid lines of Brassica oleracea by means of RFLP and AFLP markers

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Abstract

A genetic map covering 615 cM in 12 linkage groups was assembled based on 92 RFLP and AFLP markers segregating in a population of 107 doubled haploid lines (DH lines) of Brassica oleracea. The DH-line population was obtained through microspore culture from the F1 of two homozygous parents: DH-line Bi derived from the cabbage landrace Bindsachsener, and DH-line Gr from broccoli cv ‘Greenia’. Sixty-five percent of the loci, and in some cases complete linkage groups, displayed distorted segregation ratios, a frequency much higher than that observed in F2 populations of the same species. DH-line Bi was resistant to clubroot, which is caused by a Dutch field isolate of Plasmodiophora brassicae. Resistance in the DH-line population was determined in two ways: by assigning symptom grades to each plant, and by measuring the fresh weights of the healthy and affected parts of the root system of each plant. Using a multiple QTL mapping approach to analyze the fresh weight data, we found two loci for clubroot resistance; these were designated pb-3 and pb-4. The additive effects of these loci were responsible for 68% of the difference between the parents and for 60% of the genetic variance among DH-line means. Also, indications for the presence of two additional, minor QTLs were found. Analysis of symptom grades revealed the two QTLs pb-3 and pb-4, as well as one of the two minor QTLs indicated by analysis of the fresh weight data.

Communicated by F. Salamini