, Volume 112, Issue 7, pp 1326-1341

Dissociation (Ds) constructs, mapped Ds launch pads and a transiently-expressed transposase system suitable for localized insertional mutagenesis in rice

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We have developed a transiently-expressed transposase (TET)-mediated Dissociation (Ds) insertional mutagenesis system for generating stable insertion lines in rice which will allow localized mutagenesis of a chromosomal region. In this system, a Ds containing T-DNA construct was used to produce Ds launch pad lines. Callus tissues, from single-copy Ds/T-DNA lines, were then transiently infected with Agrobacterium harbouring an immobile Ac (iAc) construct, also containing a green fluorescent protein gene (sgfpS65T) as the visual marker. We have regenerated stable Ds insertion lines at a frequency of 9–13% using selection for Ds excision and GFP counter selection against iAc and nearly half of them were unique insertion lines. Double transformants (iAc/Ds) were also obtained and their progeny yielded ~10% stable insertion lines following excision and visual marker screening with 50% redundancy. In general, more than 50% of the Ds reinsertions were within 1 cM of the launch pad. We have produced a large number of single-copy Ds/T-DNA launch pads distributed over the rice chromosomes and have further refined the Ds/T-DNA construct to enrich for “clean” single-copy T-DNA insertions. The availability of single copy “clean” Ds/T-DNA launch pads will facilitate chromosomal region-directed insertion mutagenesis. This system provides an opportunity for distribution of gene tagging tasks among collaborating laboratories on the basis of chromosomal locations.

Communicated by E. Guiderdoni