, Volume 112, Issue 1, pp 149-157
Date: 07 Oct 2005

Cross-species amplification of microsatellite loci within the dioecious, polyploid genus Actinidia (Actinidiaceae)

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Microsatellite marker transfer across species in the dioecious genus Actinidia (kiwifruit) could offer an efficient and time-effective technique for use during trait transfer for vine and fruit improvement in breeding programmes. We evaluated the cross-species amplification of 20 EST-derived microsatellite markers that were fully informative in an Actinidia chinensis mapping family. We tested all 20 markers on 120 genotypes belonging to 21 species, 5 with varieties and/or chromosome races. These 26 taxa included 16 diploids, 7 tetraploids, 2 hexaploids and 1 octaploid, and represented all four taxonomic sections in the genus. All 20 markers showed some level of cross-species amplification. The most successful marker amplified in all genotypes from all species from all sections of the genus, the least successful amplified fragments only in A. chinensis and A. deliciosa. One species, A. glaucophylla, failed to amplify with all but 2 markers. PIC (Polymorphism information content) values were high, with 14 of 17 markers recording values of 0.90 and above. Sequence data demonstrated the presence of the microsatellite in all the amplified products. Sequence homology was less 5′ of the microsatellite and increased toward the start codon of the translated region of the EST from which the marker was derived. The data confirm that EST-derived microsatellite markers from Actinidia species show cross-species amplification with high levels of polymorphism which could make them useful markers in breeding programmes.

Communicated by I. Paran